Pugs have two main health defects
Hemi vertebra (HV)
Brachycephalic breeds of dogs or those with short muzzles, such as the pug often possess a tail that is curled like a cork screw. Nature may have dictated that this cork screw appearance of the tail provide a balance to a Pug’s short, pushed in face, but it may also indicate an abnormality in the formation and development of the dog’s spine known as Hemivertebrae.
Aside from the tail, Hemivertebrae can also occur in other parts of the vertebral column. These types of Hemivertebrae can occur in the middle of the backbone thus resulting in the arching of the back. This can create areas in the spine which can be susceptible to injury. A dog suffering from this form of hemivertebrae often suffers from pain even with the slightest movement.
The deviation of the spine will mainly depend on the degree by which the bones which are involved have developed. Symptoms associated with hemivertebrae usually plateau at about 9 months of age when the bones of the vertebral column stops growing.
Luckily we can now have an xray on our Pugs and we will not breed from any dogs with this dreadful condition
Pug Dog Encephalitis (PDE)
Pug Dog Encephalitis (PDE) is probably a Pug owners greatest concern and worst fear. For information on PDE in greater detail, consult veterinary sources found in your local library or on reputable internet sites.
What we do know about PDE is that it is an inflammation of the brain that strikes adolescent Pugs usually between the ages of 2 and 3. What causes this inflammation, in Pugs, and at this age range in particular is all unknown to this date.
We can now test our breeding pugs for this terrible disease in an effort to breed it out - our pugs are all PDE clear